A disc type faucet is also a washer-less faucet. On one of
these varieties, the water is controlled by openings in the two discs. When the
discs are rotated to align, then the water is able to flow freely. Then when the
discs are misaligned, the water is shut off.
These types of faucets may have one or two handles. These
can usually be fixed by replacing the O-rings or by replacing the whole disc.
Tub & Shower Faucet
These are usually a combination style, where both the hot
and cold water mix in a single arm. They are available in many different
varieties and they can be built into the wall or flush mounted on the wall above
the bathtub. In a three-valve bath and shower faucet; two valves control water
and a third diverts the water either through the spout or to the showerhead.
With a two-valve tub and shower faucet there is an automatic device on the spout
that, when activated, diverts the water to the showerhead. The two-valve tub
fillers and shower fittings fill either the tub or control the water in the
shower, as do the tub and shower faucets
Lavatory & Kitchen Faucets
These often come in a combination style, where the hot and
cold water mix in a single arm. They are available in several different
varieties. There is a ledge-mounted faucet that is mounted in a horizontal
position. And there are the standard lavatory faucets which are made with 4"
centers. The wide spread faucets are made with an adjustable center with
measurements up to 12". A wall-mounted unit is connected to pipes coming through
the wall above the sink and it is mounted vertically.
The most common size in kitchen sink faucets is with an 8”
center, but 4” and 6” are also available. Concealed faucets are mounted
underneath the sink, with only the handle flanges and spout visible. Exposed
faucets are mounted on top of the sink, with or without sprays.
Then there’s a mixing faucet, known generally as a single
lever faucet, which is produced by a number of manufacturers as swing spout
kitchen faucets, lavatory faucets and bath faucets. These faucets ordinarily
operate by pushing the upright lever straight backward for a 50-50 opening of
hot and cold water, back and to the right for cold, and back and to the left for
hot water. They have the advantage of being quick-opening and quick-closing, and
nearly all have complete repair kits.
An Over-The-Counter faucet is easier to install because
there is no need to crawl under the sink and reach behind the basin to secure
the faucet. It comes with factory-installed flexible supply lines and a
spring-loaded toggle, with the screw head concealed by the escutcheon.
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